Bitters and Cream is the creation of John Ehrenreich.

John Ehrenreich is a clinical psychologist. A graduate of Harvard College, he received a PhD in Life Sciences at Rockefeller University, then switched fields and earned his PhD in Clinical Psychology at the New School for Social Research. He completed his clinical training at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx Psychiatric Center, and at North Central Bronx Hospital in New York City. In addition to his clinical practice, he has written numerous articles on psychological topics in professional journals and is Professor of Psychology at the State University of New York, College at Old Westbury. He lives with his wife in Sherman, CT. He has grown children -- one now in Los Angeles, one in Virginia, and one in college in Connecticut.

A major area of interest in recent years has been responses to disasters -- war, famine, disease, natural disaster,accidents. After some early writing about disaster psychology, his interests have focused on providing support for humanitarian workers of all kinds. He is the author of The Humanitarian Companion: A Guide for International Aid, Development, and Human Rights Workers (ITDG, 2005) and co-led the development of Managing Stress in Humanitarian Workers: Guidelines for Good Practice (Antares Foundation, 2007). He has lectured and given workshops on this topic in, among other places, Bosnia, Jordan, and Istanbul.  

A partial bibliography of published articles is below.

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Books and Manuals

Ehrenreich, J.H. (2005). The humanitarian companion: A guide for aid, development, and human rights workers. Warwickshire, U.K.: ITDG Publishing

Ehrenreich, J.H. (2001). Coping with disaster: A guidebook to psychosocial intervention (Revised Edition; originally published 1999).  New York: Mental Health Workers without Borders (on-line on this website)  htt://

Ehrenreich, J. (1985). The altruistic imagination: A history of social work and social policy in the United States. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.

Ehrenreich, J. (Ed.). (1978). The cultural crisis of modern medicine. New York: Monthly Review Press.

Edited Materials

Managing Stress in Humanitarian Work: A Systems Approach to Risk Reduction. (Amsterdam: Antares Foundation. 2009). 

Managing Stress in Humanitarian Workers: Guidelines for Good Practice (Amsterdam: Antares Foundation, 2007).


Support for Humanitarian Workers

Ehrenreich, J.H. (2008).  Lest we reinvent the wheel: Guidelines for good practice in managing stress in humanitarian workers. Monday Developments (InterAction), (September), 27.

Ehrenreich, J.H. (2008).  Social support: Is staff care an individual or an agency responsibility? Monday Developments (InterAction), (September), 14-16.

Ehrenreich, J.H. (2006). Managing stress in humanitarian aid workers: The role of the humanitarian aid organization. In G. Reyes & G.A. Jacobs, (Editors), Handbook of international disaster psychology, Vol. 4, pp. 99-112. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Ehrenreich, J.H., & Elliott, T.L. (2004). Managing stress in humanitarian aid workers: A survey of humanitarian aid agencies’ psychosocial training and support of staff. Peace and Conflict 10 (1), 53-65.


Ehrenreich, J.H. (2002). Understanding PTSD, forgetting “trauma.”  Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy (ASAP), 3,(1), 1-14.

Ehrenreich, J. (1997). Personality theory: A case of intellectual and social isolation? Journal of Psychology, 131 (1), 33-44.

McQuaide, S. & Ehrenreich, J.H. (1997). Client strengths and their assessment. Families in Society, 78 (2), 201-212.

Ehrenreich, J.H. (1989). Transference: One concept or many? Psychoanalytic Review 76, 37-65.

Social Science

Ehrenreich, J. (1993). Social work and philanthropy. in Cayton, M.K., Gorn, E.J., & Williams, P.W., Encyclopedia of American social history, Vol.III, New York: Charles Scribner's,  pp. 2231-224

Ehrenreich, B., and Ehrenreich, J. (1979). The professional- managerial class. In P. Walker (Ed.), Between labor and capital. Boston: South End Press.

Ehrenreich, J. (1978). Toward a healing society. Social Policy 8, 16-21.

Ehrenreich, B., and Ehrenreich, J. (1975). Hospital workers: Class conflicts in the making. International Journal of Health Services 5, 43‑52.             

Ehrenreich, B., and Ehrenreich, J. (1975). Medical care and social control. In B. Mandel (Ed.), Welfare in America.  Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall; reprinted in abridged form in Health Politics 4, 1974

Ehrenreich, J.H. (1983). Nationalism, Socialism, and Capitalist Development. Review of Radical Political Economics 15, 1-40.



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